Food is a major part of our lives. Humans are omnivorous, meaning they can eat both fattening and sweet foods. Although these foods are not as abundant in nature, they are very pleasurable to eat. However, due to modern technology, these foods are now readily available to the general population. As a result, they are also a major cause of obesity among children and adults.
Food comes from a plant, animal or fungal source, and is used by living organisms for energy and nourishment. Different living creatures require different types of food to thrive. Humans are omnivores, meaning we must consume both plant and animal food in order to survive. After the Ice Age, humans changed from gathering to hunting, and agriculture was developed as a way to meet their food needs.
To understand why certain foods are more nutritious than others, read the food label. Manufacturers can add various ingredients, including additives, to enhance the taste and texture of the food. But they must use them in a minimum amount. The amount of each ingredient is listed according to its class and number, which helps us understand how much food we should consume each day.
A variety of fruits and vegetables contain phytonutrients, which are beneficial for the human body. For example, apples contain a variety of phytonutrients, which have been linked with a reduced risk of diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. They have strong anti-oxidant properties and inhibit cancer cell proliferation. Furthermore, apples have been shown to lower cholesterol levels in the blood.